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Monthly Archives: October 2017

Advantages of Information Technology

These include storage and protection of content, processing and transmitting of dedicated information and the secured retrieval of information, when and as required. IT promotes computing technology, covering everything from installing applications to developing databases.

Why is Information Technology Important

All our work related applications are now completely automated, thanks to the IT sector. IT professionals are people involved in essential management of sensitive data, exclusive computer networking and systems-engineering. The advancement of the IT sector has resulted in automated:
Administration of entire systems.
Production and manipulation of sensitive information.
Cultural development and communication.
Streamlining of business processes and timely upgrades.
Advantages of IT

• Globalization
True globalization has come about only via this automated system. The creation of one interdependent system helps us to share information and end linguistic barriers across the continents. The collapse of geographic boundaries has made the world a ‘global village’. The technology has not only made communication cheaper, but also possible much quicker and round the clock. The wonders of text messages, email and auto-response, backed by computer security applications, have opened up scope for direct communication.

• Cost-effective
Computerized, internet business processes have made many businesses turn to the Internet for increased productivity, greater profitability, clutter free working conditions and global clientèle. It is mainly due to the IT industry that business have been able to make their processes more streamlined, thereby becoming more cost-effective and consequently more profitable. People are able to operate their businesses 24×7, even from remote locations only due to the advent of information technology.

• Communication
Quick and effective communication is vital to any business anywhere in the world. Information technology gives an entrepreneur or business the tools, like email, video conferencing, SMS, etc., essential to communicate efficiently and effectively. to the business world, and information technology gives your company the resources it needs to communicate quickly and effectively. Not only do people connect faster with the help of information technology, but they are also able to identify like-minded individuals and extend help, while strengthening ties.

• Storing and Protecting Information
IT provides a low-cost business options to store and maintain information that may be important from a business or service point of view. Virtual vaults and other such security systems not only store vital data but also allow control over the access to such information. IT security systems will also protect virtual data from being hacked or wiped out in case of any technical failure.

• Creation of New Jobs
One of the biggest advantage of IT has been the creation of a whole new field of opportunity for skilled personnel leading to new and interesting jobs. Hardware and software developers, computer programmers, web designers, system analyst, the list of new jobs created could go on. IT has also been attributed to be the major cause of surge in the economies of certain Third World nations too.

Easy Tutorial and Guide Use a Digital Voice Recorder

Digital voice recorders are useful compact devices, which are used for recording voice data. They have an improved sound quality due to the advanced sound technology. Scroll down to learn more about this device along with information on how to use it.

Well, this device functions almost in the same way as a tape recorder, except that, it doesn’t have a tape. As the recording and listening process is easy and quick, it is widely used by students, interviewers, academicians, journalists, etc., to record their voices and re-record them if they choose to. Digital voice files are incorporated to record the voice data. The voice data is stored in the form of discrete numbers, and the value depends on the air pressure involved during the voice modulations. But the input is a continuous stream of analog data. The analog signal is converted into digital signal by Analog-to Digital Converter (ADC). The output of the ADC is in the form of stream data consisting of 0s and 1s, which is stored in the memory and later converted to analog data. It is important to convert the digital data into analog data, because, we can hear only analog signals.

How to Use This Device

This device looks like a USB device, it’s just that it records voice data. Its three main components are:
1. Microphone , to capture the sound waves
2. Amplifier, to amplify the incoming data
3. Recording Device, to record the voice data

1. Some of the commonly used buttons are play, stop, record, forward and rewind, menu. Some versions can also have some buttons combined, such as play/pause or record/stop.
2. Identify some other components such as microphone, USB, headphone jack, speaker, in your device.
3. The screen will display the recording time left, indicator to show the recording process, location of the data file, battery life, etc.

Process of Recording the Voice
1. Choose, the location of the file, where you want to save it from the folders in the menu.
2. After choosing the file location, press the record button and start recording your voice through the microphone.
3. Ensure that the indicator in the display screen of your recorder, indicates the recording process.
4. Now you can go back to the file location and listen to the voice recorded, by pressing the play button.
5. By pressing the forward and rewind keys, you can control the action. You can also increase and decrease the volume by pressing the ‘+’ and ‘-‘ buttons, respectively.

Use Usenet

It was and is still used for file sharing, discussion on various topics, and is still popular among geeks as a forum. Many people don’t know that it is still around and its power can be harnessed to gain specialized data and information.

Using it

Usenet predates Internet technology and has been around since the 1970s. As a resource, it is still quite alive and kicking today, due to its huge amount of content in the form of binary files which can be downloaded quite fast and specialized newsgroups.
It is controlled by a decentralized set of connected servers that host newsgroups and data files. Be it any topic of your interest, it has newsgroups numbering in thousands, catering to it. It is not a peer-to-peer service, but a paid one. Here are some tips on using it for those of you, who want to connect to this enriching source of information.

Select a Service Provider
First and foremost, to use Usenet, you must connect to a service provider, who can grant you access to its resources. For that, you must have a registered account with one of them. Many Internet service providers offer accounts or you may gain access through third-party sources. Most of the service providers charge a monthly or yearly fee for access. The amount depends on the size of bandwidth you demand. The fees are quite nominal and affordable. ‘Giganews’ is one of the most popular service providers.

Get a Software Client
To access Usenet resources through your account, you need to get a special software, often known as a reader. This software connects with the various servers available on the Internet, to grant you access to its resources. These software programs are generally freely downloadable or available as shareware at a minimal cost. This software is analogous to a web browser that is used on the world wide web. Download a software that is compatible with your operating system. There are dedicated clients for each operating system which includes Linux, Windows Vista, and Macintosh.

Install The Reader
The next step is installing this software after downloading it. Make sure that the ‘download location’ that you select has enough storage space as Usenet files can be large.

Configuring the Reader
Once you have subscribed to a service provider, you must configure the reader, according to the user name, password, and server address provided to you by the service. This is an essential step as you cannot access Usenet, without a valid user name and registration.

Search and Subscribe to Various Groups
How can you use the newsgroups? Once you are logged in through the readers, portals of the Usenet world are open to you. You can download a list of group archives now and access a variety of such newsgroups according to your area of interest. The reader allows you to subscribe to any one of these newsgroups. Once you subscribe to any one of them, all the latest posts and developments on it are downloaded automatically to your computer.

Information Infrastructure Design

Information technology (IT) involves the management of information on computer-based information systems. IT deals with the use of computers to store, process, and retrieve information. The construction and design of a safe, reliable, and an always-available information infrastructure is an important constituent of information systems.

Information Infrastructure
It is the collection of communication networks and the software associated with it. It refers to networks and software, which support interaction among people and organizations or the currently available networks and the prospective facilities that they will make available. It includes the Internet, the telecommunication networks, and the embedded systems as also computers. Internet that is regarded as the network of networks is the information infrastructure of today. It is a collection of interconnected computer networks that transmit data in the form of packets using the Internet Protocol. Each of the networks carries information and services like mail and file transfer. World wide web, a collection of documents and other resources, is a service offered by the Internet.Information infrastructure design is concerned with issues like privacy, security, translation, right to information, and most importantly, software and hardware compatibilities. Let us look at each of them.

Privacy: Privacy of information is related to the collection of personal information. Many a time, we are asked to furnish our personal details on the web. It might be in case of an online transaction or in the process of a registration. Such information collected over the web has to be kept private and confidential. People should feel safe while letting out such information. For this purpose, it is important to include information privacy in the design of information infrastructure.

Information Security: Securing information is about protecting it from unauthorized access, disclosure, or modification. An unauthorized access to information should not result in the destruction of that information. Information security deals with confidentiality, availability, and integrity.

Free Information Infrastructure
It is a term used in Europe and it resembles the National Information Infrastructure. The use of the word ‘free’ is intended to focus on freedom and on the internet which is freely accessible. It comprises no software patents. It sometimes refers to open source software. It is about free access, open standards, network neutrality, and less control by state.

Global Information Infrastructure
It is an upcoming communication framework that is meant to connect the computer and telecommunication networks all over the world. Currently, the Internet is considered as the Global Information Infrastructure.
Information infrastructure in IT is actually a vast subject. It deals with the creation, design, and organization of information. It focuses on an infrastructure that caters to the security and access needs of information. In the words of William Pollard, “Information is a source of learning. But unless it is organized, processed, and available to the right people in a format for decision-making, it is a burden, not a benefit.” This briefly describes the goal of an information infrastructure design.